Thursday, August 23, 2012

Compulsory Primary Education:

The meaning of compulsory primary education is that all the children up to the age of 10 must complete their education up to the level of class V. Its purpose is to impart knowledge of reading writing and simple Arithmetic.
Necessity:
Compulsory Primary Education:education  Female Education,Illiteracy in bangladesh, Steps taken by the government, means to solve this problem,problems  in bangladesh,
Illiteracy is a curse. It is the root. It is the root cause of poverty. No development programmer can attain it success due to illiteracy. On the other hand education is the backbone of a nation. It removes darkness and enlightens mind. It develops mental and moral faculties of human being. Proper education makes a man realise his ultimate aim in life. It helps a man disease can be overcome. If the citizens of a country are given right type of education, they will be able to solve the economic, social and political problems of their country. moreover, it will not be easy for the opportunity self-seekers to exploit them. Hence all the children of a country lime ours must be given education upto certain level. Therefore,universal primary education has become a vital national issue.                                 
Problems :
Bangladesh is beset with many problems. So it is very difficult to educate all the people within a short time. A large portion of the children have not yet got the opportunity to go to primary schools. There are about 44000 primary schools in our county which are not sufficient to provide accommodation for all the children. By the year 2000 about 2400 new primary school will be require for providing accommodation to all the children. Moreover to poor and illiterate parents do not realise the importance of education. They think that is is better to keep their children in different work to earn money to support their family. Consisting all different primary education should be made free and compulsory.

Means to solve this problem:
In order to make the compulsory free primary education programme successful we have to eradicate the problems that stand in the way of it. Firstly the parents should be made to realise the student is deprived of having primary education pens, dresses etc. Free of cost. In order to build up good and efficient teachers, training facilities should be arranged.
Steps taken by the government:
The government of our country has taken some steps to remove illiteracy from the society. The year 1992 has started as the year for universal education. For this purpose one thana has been selected in every district. All the children between ages from 5 to 7 must go to school . They are taught free there. All other thanas will be brought under this programmer by phases. The government has also taken vigorous campaign program me to motivate parents to send their children to schools. The government has also launched food for education to schools. Text books are also the poor parents to send their children to schools. Text book are also supplied to the students free of cost. Again UNESCO, ASHA, USEF and many other origination have come forward to wipe out illiteracy from e country.
the prosperity and progress of our nation deepens upon the complete removal of illiteracy . For that implementation of compulsory free primary education has become a crying need. If we are to take a rightful place in the world. We have to bend all our resources and energies to this great purpose without wasting time any more.

Monday, August 6, 2012

Unemployment Problem In Bangladesh

Unemployment means the sate of being without any work both for education and uneducated person for earning one's livelihood. This problem has become a great concern all over the world. But nowhere in the world this problem is so acute as in Bangladesh. Thousands of people in our country are without any job. At present the toughest task for any young man is to mange a job. It is tedious and sometimes humiliating . A person has to run year after year from office to office to find out a job. Hundreds of candidates swarm over a single post. The bad effect of unemployment is not only confined to the economic field but also destroys the sense of moral values for want of employment is not only confined to the economic field  but also destroys the sense of moral values for want of employment . Many young people become frustrated. They have to lead a vagabond life. They have to idle away that time. Life becomes a curse and burden to them. When there is no dim ray of hope, they resort to commit different types of crimes like hijacking, plundering, robbery, murder, terrorism drug addicting etc.


Causes of Unemployment:
unemployment, means the sate of being ,without any, work both for education, there are many, reasons behind unemployment problem., our country ,is over populated, people of our country depend on agricultural . but our cultivable land is very limited , it can not engage a bug number of people, moreover,this profession is seasonal. So, the farmers, have to sit idle for a few months in a year,
There are many reasons behind unemployment problem.                 
Population Growth:
Our country is over populated. The rapid growth of population is the main reason of unemployment problem. Job facilities are very small in proportion to the growth of population. And this increasing  number of population outpaces all development of the country.

Industrial backwardness:
Our county is industry very much backing behind. in fact the development in this field is very slow. Cottages industrious have almost decayed . The few mills factories and industries that we have can only absorb limited number of people.
Limited cultivable land :
Most of the people of our country depend on agricultural . But our cultivable land is very limited . So, it can not engage a bug number of people. Moreover,this profession is seasonal. So, the farmers have to sit idle for a few months in a year.
Faulty education system:
Our present system of education in stead of giving any solution, creates educated unemployment young men. In our education system there is no much scope of giving vocational training and training and technical education to a  student. So  after talking the highest degree even from the highest seat of learning they remain unemployed.

Attitude of our educated young men:
Our education young men generally think it to be disgraceful to do any manual work. They prefer service to any kind of business. This false sense of dignity and prestige is one of the reasons of there being unemployed.

Solution:
In order to eradicate this problem we have to mobilize all our energies to this great purpose without wasting time. The most essential measure is to industrialization of our country. A large number of mills, factories and industries should be set up where many of our unemployed youths will get the opportunity to work.

Female Education

Education is a light to which everybody has the equal right. Allah has created both man and woman equally and has not drawn any distinct distinction between them. He has bestowed them with equal faculties. So there should be no difference of opinion regarding imparting education to women. So education should be universal.
Reason for education women:
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A good mother can produce a good citizen. In order to have good citizens, female education is a must. Female education is not new thing in our country. Islam has encourage education and training to women folk. The prophet of Islam has made education compulsory for both man and woman. Once Nepoleon said. "Give me a good mother and I will give you a good citizen ". A good mother obviously means a educated mother. So it need no telling the importance of female education.

Woman are now -a-days as important as men in society. They constitute nearly half of our total population. Son there can be no denying the fact that they too possess equal fights and duties as men do. They have noble missions to fulfill as men. If they get opportunity, their genius powers and capacities will bloom fully.No nation can make real progress keeping a full half of it population in the dark. Without the uplift of women, the Progress of the nation is not all all possible. Again without education women can not be elevated. So all out education should be imparted to the women folk so that they may come forward and work hand in hand with men in all development programmers

Mothers women play an important part in mounding the character of their children. There is a saying in English that the hand that rocks the hands that rocks the cradle rules the world. So every woman is a potential mother. The future of a child depends on how it is brought up and educated in childhood. Naturally and educated mother is expected to bring up and educate her children better than an uneducated mother.

A mother exercises an undeniably influence in the formation of children character and in shaping their future destiny. Lives of many great men of the world show that they learn at home take a firm root in them. And it goes without saying that this learning they get mostly from their mother as they live underhand direct supervisor and constant care. If a mother fails to bring up her children properly, the mother is held responsible for this failure, not the child. This failure may lead her children in the wrong path which will ultimate ruin the latent talents of the children. If all the children become great, all the credit goes to the mothers. So it can be said that it is a mother who plays a vital pole in forming the character and deciding the future of her children. From this point of view an educated mother is an asset and it is more necessary to educate women folk.

The role of women in making a home an abode of peace and happiness is great. Not only as mothers but also as wives women exert tremendous influence for good or for evil. If wife is properly educated, she can manage household affairs efficiently. A good house wife is an asset to the entire family. She can keep accounts, control and guide servants and take initiative in many domestic matters. She can maintain the discipline of the house. We live in a competitive materialistic age. Today life has become harder than before and the stuggle for existence is grim and only the fittest will survive. Besides maintaining a good family life and educated wife can take an active part and help her husband in the greater field of action. Thus she lightens the burden of her over worked husband. But this she will fail to do without proper education.

An education husband can never have free exchange of ideas with an ignorant wife. Life would be dull and unhappy for them. Frequent quarrels many result from such a lack of understanding. So female education is essential from this points of view also.

All necessary steps should be taken encourage universal female education. It is a happy news for us that our government has recently declared free and compulsory education for rural girls up to S.S.C. A country can not prosperous if its women are kept ignorant. We need good wives and good mothers to make our nation great. Without a good system of female education, this will not be possible.

Sunday, August 5, 2012

Fish Culture

Bangladesh is the darling child of Nature. She has rained her bounties on her
loving chill d profusely. Bangladeshis blessed with so many natural gifts. Fish is one of them. For this reason fish is a common item of our food. But at present this fish is the only source of foreign currency. That is why fish cultivation holds a bright prospect for Bangladesh.

Places for fish cultivation:
Bangladesh is the best suitable place for fish cultivation its soil and climate are congenial to fish cultivation. Bangladesh is a land of rivers, canals, ponds,lakes, tank and big haors. Fishes live there they breed and grow there.                                                                               

Government initiatives for fish cultivation:
bangladesh fish culture, fish, fish culture, In countries like Denmark, fisheries are regarded as an important trade. The have done a lot to improve this trade and are now earning large sums of money by selling fish to foreign countries. In our country fisheries have been boldly neglected so long though we have an enormous supply of fish. Our government has taken necessary measures and proper steps for the improvement of fish cultivation. A separate department of fisheries has been opened. It is doing useful work to develop this trade and to improve the lot of the people who are engaged in  there sole professional. To day the people who are engaged in fish cultivation are granted banklo ans and supplied with necessary appliances.

Benefit of fish cultivation:
The benefit of fish cultivation are too many to be described. The people of Bangladesh like fish very much. It is next to rice. They cannot pass a single day without fish. It is very delicious and nutrition various delicious preparations are made of fish. They are cooked as curry or fry or kabob.Today fish cultivation is the profitable business. It is a great source of income. The lion share of our foreign exchange is cumming from fish. Fishing is a means of livelihood for many people in our county. There is a special caste flower class Hindus with whom fishing is hereditary  occupation . Now -a-days not only the poor Muslims but also people  of different classes have taken fish cultivation as their profession and at the same time as source of their livelihood. It has gone a long way to solve our much talked unemployment problem.

Obstacles:
There is no undisturbed blessing  earth. Evert hing has it dark side. So fish cultivation is not free from its dark side. It has got some natural calamities. Again their are touts, brokers who cheat the simple minded people engaged in this professional. Again many educated youth think fish cultivation beyond there are not sufficient cold storage and ice factories. Fish cultivation holds bright prospect in our country. It will go and long way to lead the country to the path of progress and prosperity.

Saturday, August 4, 2012

Rural Development

Rural Development means development of village. Bangladesh is a land of village. More than 80 percent live in Village. So the important of village in our body politic is great . The development of the entire country depends on the welfare of these villages. So it is essential to keep the village in flourishing conditions.

Various aspects:
In our county rural development has various aspects. The most important of them are agricultural, education communication sanitary and health, cottage industries , fishery, on-operative societies community life etc.
Improvement of communication:
A good communication is essential for the development of the village. With this end in view our government has taken some practical measure. Many new roads have been constructed and many old roads and culverts have been repaired. There are also some pucca roads. New-a-days we see that buses, auto rickshaws, trucks, rickshaws etc move on the pucca roads in the rural areas. To farmers are sending their products to towns and cities. It has been possible only because of the improvement of the communication. But this is not enough. Means of communication should be developed more.
Education:
Education is the backbone of a nation. Without education a nation can not prosper. It is education which illumines the soul, broadens the outlooks on life and dispels the darkness of ignorance. Bangladesh is a poor country. About 85 % percent of her population live in village. They do not know how to read and write. We can not reach the peak of prosperity and progress until and unless we can remove the curse of illiteracy from the lot of our people. Our government has put the top most significance on education and paid due attention to this much talked problem. Our government is determined to free the nation from the curse of illiteracy within a very short time. Thousands of educational institutions have been established to flood the rural areas with the light of education.
Agriculture:
Bangladesh is an agricultural country. Agricultural is the life blood of her economy. Again about eighty percent our people are engaged in agricultural who lice in village. Even in this modern scientific age our agriculture is very backward. But at present it is a very happy news that our government has taken active steps and necessary measures for the progress of agriculture. Such as supplying the farmers with modern scientific tools for cultivation goods seeds, fertilizer at a cheaper rate, agriculture loans on easy terms and many other things Irritation system has been improved. Many measures have been adopted to control natural calamities.
Health and Sanitation:
“Health is wealth ” goes the proverb So a nation blessed with a good health is the greatest blessing on earth. But we are far from this blessing. This blessing. As most of the villagers are illiterate, they have no knowledge of health and sanitation . Most of the villagers suffer from various diseases. They look like a skeleton . But this miserable condition is changing slowly. Many hospitals, health centers, clinics and charitable dispensaries have been set up in rural areas to ensure health facilities to the poor rural people.
Water Supply:

Pure drinking water was very scarce in the past. People used to drink water from ponds. As a result they suffered from many water born diseases. Now-a-days every village has at least on or more tube wells.
Cottage Industry:
Though eighty percent of our villagers are engaged in agriculture, a large number of them remain idle for the greater part of the year. They can be employed if the cottage industries are revived and developed. The can earn a decent living from them. The cottage industries can provide employment to a large number of people and in the way unemployment problem can be solved to some extent. Government has taken active steps to revive the cottage industries. They are being developed through co-operative schemes.
Poultry, Fishery:
By raising more Poultry and cultivating fish more, we can develop our villages. Our government has paid much attention to these things. The poor villagers are given loan on easy terms. Many unused marshy lands have been brought under fish cultivation. Through the development of the villagers our country will reach the peak of progress and prosperity. Let us all come forward and work with concerted efforts to develop our villagers.