In our county rural development has various aspects. The most important of them are agricultural, education communication sanitary and health, cottage industries , fishery, on-operative societies community life etc.
A good communication is essential for the development of the village. With this end in view our government has taken some practical measure. Many new roads have been constructed and many old roads and culverts have been repaired. There are also some pucca roads. New-a-days we see that buses, auto rickshaws, trucks, rickshaws etc move on the pucca roads in the rural areas. To farmers are sending their products to towns and cities. It has been possible only because of the improvement of the communication. But this is not enough. Means of communication should be developed more.
Education is the backbone of a nation. Without education a nation can not prosper. It is education which illumines the soul, broadens the outlooks on life and dispels the darkness of ignorance. Bangladesh is a poor country. About 85 % percent of her population live in village. They do not know how to read and write. We can not reach the peak of prosperity and progress until and unless we can remove the curse of illiteracy from the lot of our people. Our government has put the top most significance on education and paid due attention to this much talked problem. Our government is determined to free the nation from the curse of illiteracy within a very short time. Thousands of educational institutions have been established to flood the rural areas with the light of education.
Bangladesh is an agricultural country. Agricultural is the life blood of her economy. Again about eighty percent our people are engaged in agricultural who lice in village. Even in this modern scientific age our agriculture is very backward. But at present it is a very happy news that our government has taken active steps and necessary measures for the progress of agriculture. Such as supplying the farmers with modern scientific tools for cultivation goods seeds, fertilizer at a cheaper rate, agriculture loans on easy terms and many other things Irritation system has been improved. Many measures have been adopted to control natural calamities.
Health and Sanitation:
“Health is wealth ” goes the proverb So a nation blessed with a good health is the greatest blessing on earth. But we are far from this blessing. This blessing. As most of the villagers are illiterate, they have no knowledge of health and sanitation . Most of the villagers suffer from various diseases. They look like a skeleton . But this miserable condition is changing slowly. Many hospitals, health centers, clinics and charitable dispensaries have been set up in rural areas to ensure health facilities to the poor rural people.
Pure drinking water was very scarce in the past. People used to drink water from ponds. As a result they suffered from many water born diseases. Now-a-days every village has at least on or more tube wells.
Though eighty percent of our villagers are engaged in agriculture, a large number of them remain idle for the greater part of the year. They can be employed if the cottage industries are revived and developed. The can earn a decent living from them. The cottage industries can provide employment to a large number of people and in the way unemployment problem can be solved to some extent. Government has taken active steps to revive the cottage industries. They are being developed through co-operative schemes.
By raising more Poultry and cultivating fish more, we can develop our villages. Our government has paid much attention to these things. The poor villagers are given loan on easy terms. Many unused marshy lands have been brought under fish cultivation. Through the development of the villagers our country will reach the peak of progress and prosperity. Let us all come forward and work with concerted efforts to develop our villagers.